Aspinwall (2013) The Catholic Minority Experience in Scotland: the Poorhouse View, 1850–1914
For an insight into past experience of integration into Scottish life, this paper by Aspinwall provides an insightful account of how the mass identity of Scotland’s Catholics aligned with the Roman Catholic church, as a group only advanced within Scottish society following political, social and educational changes. Such changes, most notably in voting rights, education, and the emergence of the Labour Party, coincided with a demise in church hierarchy. Until this time, the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland had galvanised a poorly educated and low skilled flock into a coherent community in the midst of poverty and deprivation. This had been achieved through building social bonds and morality by way of a conservative brand of religion, set against a backdrop of prejudice.
Aspinwall, B. (2013) The Catholic Minority Experience in Scotland: the Poorhouse View, 1850–1914. Immigrants & Minorities, Vol.31(2), pp.127-145.