Migration Library search resultsCo-financed by the European Fund for the Integration of Third Country Nationals

Title Summary Links Cost Status Location Resource Type
Goodman (2012) Fortifying Citizenship: Policy strategies for civic integration in Western Europe Goodman (2012) provides an in-depth comparative account of civic integration policy found in Western European states. Although not Scotland specific, the UK is compared with Denmark and Germany using a comparative case study approach. The case study is preceded by a more general overview of integration policy found across Europe. The study touches on the inclusive-exclusive nature of contrasting liberal and constrictive citizenship policies. The study highlights the differing strategies employed by states and the political pressures that shape citizenship policy. See also Beadle and Silverman (2007) which examines the introduction of the UK citizenship test on provision of English for speakers of other languages (ESOL) in Scotland and two examples of UK policy in a European comparative context – European Migration Network (2012) on linguistic integration and Migration Network (2013) on allocation of refugees to municipalities. Read More Visit site £ UK, Denmark, Germany Journal article
Grieve and Haining (2011) Inclusive practice? Supporting isolated bilingual learners in a mainstream school Grieve and Haining (2011) provide an account of their research based on data gathered over a two-year period. The research focuses on one specific urban primary school. The study tracks the experience of children who do not have English as their first language and for whom the language spoken at home is not shared with many other classmates or teaching staff. These children are identified as ‘isolated learners’. The study explores the full range of the interplay between the experiences of the children and the support given by teaching staff who are trying to ensure that they fulfil their potential. The study explores effective practice and identifies gaps in the provision for isolated learners. The paper also cautions that schools should avoid the assimilationist approach that has been popular in the past when trying to fully integrate their new arrivals. See also Dillon (2013) for a study of migrant children who do not have English as their first language and Foley (2013) which examines EAL policy and practice. Read More Visit site £ Scotland Journal article
Guest and Vecchia (2010) Scoping study on support mechanisms for the recognition of the skills, learning and qualifications of migrant workers and refugees This report was compiled by Guest and Vecchia (2010) for the Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework (SCQF) Partnership. The principle aim of the study was to develop frameworks of recognition for migrant and refugee skills and qualifications. This was done to better facilitate migrant access to programmes of continuing professional development or, entry into higher echelons of employment. The lack of effective mechanisms for skills’ recognition was identified by Guest and Vecchia (2010) as a significant barrier for migrants (commensurate with findings within other research reviewed by the authors). In addition, perceptions that migrants possess limited language were compounded by negative employer attitudes. See also Smyth and Kum (2010) which investigates the barriers and discrimination faced by teachers who are either refugees or seeking asylum in Scotland when they attempt to re-enter the teaching profession. Similarly Stewart (2005) examines the impediments to employment faced by refugee doctors. Read More Visit site Free Scotland Third sector
Guillemot and Shubin (2010) Searching jobs for 'better life': Understanding employment mobility and well-being of Eastern European migrants in France and Scotland Guillemot and Shubin (2010) explore both the theoretical and practical issues connected to the employment and well-being of Eastern European migrants in France (Anjou) and Scotland (Aberdeenshire) and questions related concepts and policies on migration and integration. The article covers emerging mobile lifestyles and the subsequent need for social policy to correspondingly adapt and highlights the potential barrier created by EU policies intended to limit migration through focusing on illegal labour and favouring seasonal or highly skilled labour. The authors anticipate that while the possibility of a reduction in the demand for migrant labour and lower employment opportunities emanating from economic instability, may also elicit an increase in xenophobia as witnessed during the 2010 French regional elections. For further studies on Eastern European migrant mobility see Shubin (2012a; 2012b) which consider the influence of faith and the church in the experiences of Eastern European migrant integration; and Shubin and Dickey (2013) who explore the interplay between migrant mobility and employment of Eastern European workers across Scotland. Read More Visit site Free EU Aberdeenshire Academic research
Guma, Taulant (2015) The ethnicisation of need: questioning the role of ethnicity in the provision of support and services for post-accession migrants in Glasgow This policy paper focuses on the role that ethnicity played in the provision of support and services for post-accession migrants living in Glasgow, based on intensive ethnographic fieldwork conducted throughout 2012 with Czech- and Slovak-speaking migrants living in the city. It is based on the PhD research project ‘Everyday negotiations of in/securities and risks: an ethnographic study amongst Czech- and Slovak-speaking migrants in Glasgow’ which was co-funded by the ESRC and Glasgow City Council. The paper argues that using ethnicity as a straightforward, ‘naturally existing’ category and making it a requirement for individuals’ access to certain services has problematic implications for affected migrants as well as service providers and policy-makers. Read More Visit site Free EU, A8 Glasgow Academic research
Haghighi and Lynch (2012) Entrepreneurship and the social integration of new minorities: Iranian hospitality entrepreneurs in Scotland This study by Haghighi and Lynch (2012) explores the relationship between Iranian entrepreneurship and integration within Scotland’s hospitality and tourism sector, to examine whether it aids their integration process or acts as a barrier. Haghighi and Lynch (2012) find that paradoxically, minority entrepreneurship within the hospitality sector on the one hand promotes economic integration through capital, but on the other hand hinders their social and cultural integration and therefore can be either a facilitator or a barrier to integration for minorities. The authors contend subsequently that integration should be considered as a continuum as opposed to being viewed as being attained through reaching a prescribed point, with integration resting between the opposing points of isolation and assimilation – evidenced by those who participated in the study as having identified themselves as being located at neither opposing point. As such, the study suggests that ultimately complete integration is impossible for those who participated due to high levels of cultural differences between original and host cultures. Read More Visit site £ TCN Scotland Journal article
Hall Aitken (2007) Outer Hebrides migration study: final report Hall Aitken (2007) delivers a substantial report which frames an examination of migration in the Outer Hebrides within a broader context of migration in comparable rural areas; areas that are also characterised by depopulation. The report explores the main causes on both in and out-migration. Consequently, the study draws out policy and practice which could potentially be utilised to encourage in-migration and reduce out-migration from rural areas. In particular, the report recommends establishing a multi-agency partnership to address a range of areas such as enterprise development, housing needs, and engagement with young people along with making those who have already left aware of current opportunities. The recommendations on migrant integration extend to awareness-raising and provision of support for existing communities during the process of integration. The recruitment of migrant outreach workers to the role of intermediaries between migrant workers and agencies is also recommended along with a full assessment of both current and future training needs among migrant workers. Read More Visit site Free Comhairle nan Eilean Siar Public sector
Hepburn (2011) ‘Citizens of the region’: Party conceptions of regional citizenship and immigrant integration Locating Scotland within studies of Catalonia and Quebec, Hepburn (2011) comparatively explores questions of regional citizenship in relation to immigration and decentralised power within states. In terms of Scotland, the author outlines the Scottish Government and Scottish National Party response to the constraints on immigration policy emanating from a policy area reserved for Westminster, intended to overcome demographic instability and the subsequent concessions made by the UK Government. Covering aspects of citizenship such as rights, participation, and membership (in terms of sense of belonging and identity) the author identifies a number of specific factors, including evidence of political consensus on immigration and a notable absence of far right political parties opposed to immigration in Scotland, alongside Scottish National Party promotion of an open, civic model of citizenship for migrants within an independent Scotland. In this study of an important aspect of migrant integration, Hepburn (2011) highlights the regional differences found in relation to citizenship and its reconfiguration at the sub state level and of citizenship as being inherently linked to immigration policy. Read More Visit site £ Scotland, Catalonia Journal article
Hickman, Crowley, Mai (2008), Immigration and social cohesion in the UK The rhythms and realities of everyday life This research set out to improve our understanding of the relationship between new immigration and social cohesion by exploring the rhythms and realities of everyday life of both the long-term settled and new arrival residents. The research is based on the premise that everyday realities in the UK are under pressure from the forces of individualisation, globalisation and post-industrialism, which structure the lives of the long-term settled and new immigrants alike. We aimed to investigate the strategies people deployed, in a time of far-reaching changes, to meet their perceived priorities and needs. In current public debates, there is an association made between increasing ethnic and religious diversity and the erosion of social cohesion. However, recent research has shown that age, class and where we live are far more important in shaping life chances than are ethnicity or religion and that the arrival of new migrant groups did not coincide with an increase in crime. We explored the relations between and within long-term resident and new arrival groups and the impact of social and economic transformations in six sites across the UK: • England:Leicester; • England: London, Downham; • England: London, Kilburn; • England: Peterborough and Thetford; • Northern Ireland: Dungannon; • Scotland:Glasgow. Read More Visit site Free UK Research Report
Highlands and Islands Enterprise (2009) Young people in the Highlands and Islands: Understanding and influencing the migration choices of young people to and from the Highlands and Islands of Scotland This study commissioned by Highlands and Islands Enterprise, sets out to understand the major factors influencing the choices people make when planning and undertaking relocation within Scotland. The study asks what measures can be taken to influence the choices that young people who are considering migrating (either to, from or within the Highlands and Islands region of Scotland) make. The study was undertaken because, proportionately, the Highlands & Islands has far lower numbers of 15 to 30 year olds in the population than is typical for the Scottish population overall. Consequently, the region is faced with the prospect of an ageing population and a decreasing work-age population. While this research does not focus specifically on foreign migrant workers, nonetheless this group is recognised as important in the context of the region’s economic and demographic development. Thus, foreign migrant workers are given due consideration in the analysis, which identifies education, employment and the environment as key policy areas which require further development. Read More Visit site Free Highland, Moray, Orkney Islands Scottish Government document