The release of 2011 census results has contributed greatly to our understanding of migration into Scotland over the past 10 years. In 2011, 7 per cent (369,284) of the total population was born outside the UK. Of that 7 percent, 15 per cent were born in Poland, 6.4 per cent in India and 6.2 per cent in the Republic of Ireland. 55 percent arrived in the UK between 2004 and 2011.
The ten most common non-UK countries of birth in the Scottish 2011 Census are:
- Poland (55,231 residents)
- India (24,489 residents)
- Republic of Ireland (22,952 residents)
- Germany (22,274 residents)
- Pakistan (20,039 residents)
- USA (15,919 residents)
- China (15,338 residents)
- Nigeria (9,458 residents)
- Canada (9,435 residents)
- Australia (8,279 residents)
According to the census, the City of Edinburgh Council has the highest number of non-UK born residents in their local authority area in 2011(75,698). This was followed by Glasgow City Council (72,607), Aberdeen City Council (35,436), Fife Council (20,693), Aberdeenshire Council (15,047), Dundee City Council (13,253), Highland Council (13,172), South Lanarkshire Council (10,649) and North Lanarkshire Council (10,134).
The release of results from the 2011 census has revealed that in-migration has had a significant positive impact, increasing our population in general and boosting our working age population in particular. However, the overall results also highlight the fact that Scotland still faces a significant challenge in terms of its ageing population with an 11 per cent increase in the number of people aged over 65 between 2001 and 2011 and a 19 per cent increase in those aged over 80.
More detailed information on Scotland's population, and the 2011 census, is available on the NRS website at http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk.