Migration Library search resultsCo-financed by the European Fund for the Integration of Third Country Nationals

Title Summary Links Cost Status Location Resource Type
Bowes et al. (2008) Asylum policy and asylum experiences – interactions in a Scottish context The work of Bowes et al. (2008) focuses on local and sub-national levels in contrast to the pre-eminence of state and international level analysis evident in other research on the topic of asylum. This view is taken in recognition of the influence that local and sub-national conditions can have on policy. The study rests on research completed in post devolution Scotland and presents an interesting reflection on how asylum and migration policies (in terms of control) at the local and individual level are affected by existing tensions. Including the views of asylum seekers, providers and community groups, the central aim of this study is to demonstrate the sometimes contradictory nature of local level processes in relation to control over asylum seekers, on the one hand fostering new communities while on the other facilitating exclusion. See also Lewis (2006) who examines attitudes found within Scotland towards asylum seekers and refugees; and Sim and Bowes (2007) who explore the experience of asylum seekers in Glasgow. Read More Visit site £ Asylum seeker, Refugee Scotland Journal article
European Migration Network (2013) Ad-Hoc Query on allocation of refugees to municipalities for integration purposes Intended to facilitate information exchange between EU member states, the European Migration Network (EMN) provides an interesting comparison of policy and practice (See European Migration Network) across EU Member States. Their Ad-Hoc Query on allocation of refugees to municipalities for integration purposes (2013) offers a useful resource for anyone wishing to gain a quick overview of other European regions’ policy on refugee dispersal and housing. Two questions are key to the research. The first question is: Does the member state regulate the dispersal of refugees and other persons that have been granted protection to municipalities once they have received a residence permit? The second question is: Does the member state share the Swedish experience of a general shortage of available housing for newly arrived migrants? Responses from the 23 member states who participated are presented the UK is included as a respondent. See also European Migration Network (2012) for member states responses to questions on linguistic integration. Read More Visit site Free Refugee UK, EU EU Document
Kearns and Whitley (2015) Getting There? The Effects of Functional Factors, Time and Place on the Social Integration of Migrants A survey of 1400 migrants, including many asylum seekers and refugees, living in deprived areas in Glasgow, UK is used to test hypotheses in the literature about the effects of functional factors (educational qualifications, ability to speak English, employment), time and place upon the social integration of migrants. Three aspects are considered: trust, reliance and safety; social relations; sense of community. Overall, social integration indicators were worse for migrants than for British citizens living in the same places. Functional factors were positively associated with different aspects of social integration: higher education with more neighbourly behaviours; employment with better social relations and belonging; and English language with greater reliance on others and available social support. Time was positively associated with most social integration indicators; time in the local area more so than time in the UK. Living in a regeneration area was negatively associated with many aspects of social integration. The findings raise questions about the doubly negative effects of the use of dispersal policy for asylum seekers to regeneration areas, necessitating secondary relocation of migrants through further, forced onward migration. Read More Visit site £ UK, Glasgow, Scotland Article
MOVING ON? DISPERSAL POLICY, ONWARD MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION OF REFUGEES IN THE UK Since 2000, the UK has operated compulsory dispersal, a policy designed to ‘spread the burden’ of housing asylum seekers who require accommodation across the UK and to discourage long-term settlement in London and the South East. To enhance understanding of refugee integration, this research discusses the two-year (2012–14), ESRC-funded project, in which the geography of onward migration amongst refugees dispersed across the UK as asylum seekers was mapped. The findings are based on 83 in-depth interviews with refugees, analysis of Refugee Integration and Employment Service (RIES) client data (2008–11) and analysis of the Home Office Survey of New Refugees (SNR) data (2005–09) for four different sites across the UK: Glasgow, Cardiff, Manchester and London. The report explores the main factors that influence refugees’ decisions to stay in a town or city or move on and considered how this affects the process of integration. Finally, the report examines the policy implications for the different levels of government, service providers and the voluntary sector of the long-term impact of UK dispersal policy on refugee onward migration and integration. The report weaves together quantitative and qualitative data analysis findings to address key questions surrounding refugee onward migration and integration outcomes. Read More Visit site UK Research Report
Wren (2007) Supporting asylum seekers and refugees in Glasgow: The role of multi-agency networks This study by Wren (2007) explores the experiences of multi-agency networks which were established in Glasgow to facilitate co-operation between voluntary and statutory sectors for the support of asylum seekers across the city – and reflects the numbers of asylum seekers which have arrived in Glasgow as a result of the UK Governments dispersal policy implemented in 2000. The author highlights gaps in statutory service provision which have been consequently met by voluntary and community organisations and stresses the importance of such support in meeting the needs of Glasgow’s asylum seekers and refugees. Additionally, Wren (2007) draws attention to the implications of resettlement in areas of social deprivation, which may impact on social cohesion, but also of the existence of a policy framework which lacks continuity and consequently leads to frustration among service providers which is exacerbated by the contradictory policy goals of the UK and Scottish Governments. Read More Visit site £ Asylum seeker, Refugee Glasgow City Journal article